FAQs

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Social Security FAQ

Social Security Disability (SSDI) is a federal program that provides payments to disabled workers who have paid social security taxes on their earnings for a number of years. A different program called Supplemental Security Income (SSI) provides payments to people who are disabled and have limited income and resources whether or not they have ever been employed. You may qualify for both. Click here to begin a free case evaluation.

 

Who qualifies for Social Security Disability?

  • Workers who have worked at least 5 years of the past 10 years.
  • Workers who have not worked for the past 5 months.
  • Workers who have a severe medical condition.
  • Workers who cannot work because of their severe medical condition.

The legal definition of disability is: The inability to do any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months. Remember that there are different rules for Supplemental Security Income. (SSI).

 

What makes this different from Social Security Retirement?

Social Security Retirement is the program that provides payments to people who retire and have paid Social Security taxes on their earnings for a number of years. Usually these payments begin at the age of 65.

 

Can other family members draw if I am disabled?

Yes. The following may also qualify for benefits:

  • Children who are dependent on the worker (age 18 or under unless a student)
  • Divorced spouses who are 62 years old and older and who were married to the worker for a minimum of 10 years.
  • Disabled 50 year old surviving spouses of deceased workers.
  • Surviving spouses of deceased workers with dependent child(ren)

 

How do I apply for Social Security Disability?

It has been our experience that approximately 75% of all claims are denied from the beginning. If you have received a denial for your initial claim for benefits, you have sixty (60) days from the date of your denial to file an appeal. During this time, you can contact us for assistance with your claim. You may also contact the Social Security office to appeal your claim.

 

Do I need a Lawyer?

You are never required to hire a lawyer to represent you, but you should consider the time, effort and consequences if you do not. A very good self help book is Nolo’s Guide to Social Security Disability by David Morton. This book is about 500 pages and can be ordered online at www.nolo.com. Experienced attorneys are able to offer the following for a reasonable fee:

  • Help in getting medical records and (information) to support your claim.
  • Obtaining information from your Social Security file to assist in your claim.
  • Timely file all appeals of your claim.
  • Properly prepare all the forms and paper work required.
  • Help you and your witnesses prepare for a hearing.
  • Present your case at hearing and question witnesses from both sides.
  • Present your case through all appeals.

Personal Injury FAQ

There is a one year statute of limitations in Tennessee. This means that you have one year from the date of the accident to either settle your claim or have a lawsuit filed in court. Otherwise you will lose your claim.

 

What should I do after an incident has just occurred?

  • If anyone is injured, call 911. It is most important to take care of injured parties first.
  • Never discuss fault or responsibility for the accident at the scene.
  • Take pictures or video of both cars and the scene of the accident.
  • Obtain insurance information from the other party involved in the accident. Only provide the name and phone number of your insurance agent.
  • If you have any other questions about the procedures that need to be followed after an accident you can contact an attorney for help. If there are injuries involved, before you talk to an insurance agent, we recommend you talk to an attorney. We will talk to you for free.

 

How much is my claim worth?

It is very hard for one of our attorneys to evaluate your claim without doing a complete history or evaluation. The value of your claim is what a jury would give you for your medical expenses, lost wages, loss of ability to earn a living, pain and suffering and other damages. We cannot tell you what that would be without doing a full history and investigation into your case, and then, only the lawyers can give you a value. If you have any problems, then I’m sure one of our lawyers will discuss it with you.

 

Medical Care: What should I do about getting medical treatment?

You should go to your family doctor or to any specialist that you need and get medical treatment as soon as possible. If you have health insurance or hospitalization, then turn it over to them until you get your claim processed. It will help keep the collection agencies off your back in the event that it takes a couple of months to settle your claim.If you do not have insurance then you should try to make whatever arrangements that you can to get treatment. Most of the time all emergency rooms will see patients regardless of insurance. Check to see if you have medical payments coverage on your insurance policy and contact them for payment.

 

The Insurance Company keeps pressuring me to settle. What should I do?

You should settle your claim only after you have been told by the doctor that you are as well as you are going to get and have discussed with him your future condition and any future medical bills. Always remember that you only have 1 year in which to either settle your claim or file suit. After that, your claim is lost. If you have been released by the doctor, then you can place a value on your claim and contact the insurance company about a settlement.

 

The other party was at fault, but was not charged. Will this hurt my claim?

A police officer does not decide who was at fault in an accident. He only decides whether someone violated a traffic law. The violation of a traffic law is only admissible in Court if someone pleads guilty. Do not worry about the officer’s decision to cite the other party.

 

What can I do about collection letters for medical bills?

Until you have reached a settlement with the insurance company, you will get medical bills and collection letters. This is normal. You should write all the agencies and explain that you are awaiting a settlement and that you will pay promptly upon receipt. If you continue to get harassed, then you can make small payments on the bill until you get your settlement. Even if you get sued for these medical bills prior to your settlement, you will have to pay the bill for your treatment.

 

What Damages can I recover?

You can recover medical expenses, medical expenses in the future, lost wages, loss of your ability to earn a living (if permanent injury affecting job), pain and suffering, loss of enjoyment of life (inability to do prior hobbies), property damamge, permanent disabilities, disfigurement(for scarring),and any serious mental injury. For your spouse, they can recover for the value of the companionship that they have lost and expenses paid on your behalf.

 

What should I do first?

The first thing to do is get medical treatment if you need it. Then, obtain a copy of the accident report from the agency’s office who investigated the accident. Call the other driver and explain who you are and find out if they have insurance. Never discuss fault with the other driver. Get the insurance company’s name and call them to find out who the adjustor is. Call and make contact with the adjustor to find out how they will be handling your claim. Always remember that you only have 1 year in which to either settle your claim or file suit. After that your claim is lost.

 

What should I do if no one contacts me from the insurance company?

Obtain a copy of the accident report from the agency’s office who investigated the accident. If the other driver’s insurance is not listed, then call the other driver and explain who you are and find out if they have insurance. Never discuss fault with the other driver. Get the insurance company’s name and call them to find out who the adjustor is. Call and make contact with the adjustor to find out how they will be handling your claim.

 

When am I allowed to get a rental car?

A rental car is possible if the accident is the other person’s fault and your car has been damaged and not totaled. Then, the purpose of the rental is to give you transportation while your car is being fixed. (Therefore don’t wait 6 weeks to take your car to a repair shop and expect a rental car in the meantime.) You cannot get a rental car if your car is totaled. Call the insurance company and have them arrange a rental car for you. If they will not cooperate, then write them a letter outlining your request and then go out and get an inexpensive rental car, realizing that you will ultimately be responsible if your claim is not successful. Again, you can have a rental car only while your car is being fixed. If you have Comprehensive Insurance Coverage under your own insurance policy, then your own company may allow you a rental car and they will try to collect it from the other driver.

 

When should I settle my claim?

You should settle your claim only after you have been told by the doctor that you are as well as you are going to get and have discussed with him your future condition and any future medical bills.

 

Property Damages

Once you are involved in an accident and someone else’s insurance company is responsible for paying the damages to your automobile; or your insurance company is responsible for paying the damages to your automobile under collision coverage, then there are two options.

First, the insurance company has the right to either repair or replace your vehicle. If they repair your vehicle, then they can do so at the place of their choice with the parts that they wish to choose to put on your vehicle. Even if your car is 95% totaled, the insurance company has the right to elect to repair your vehicle. However, if the insurance company does not restore your car back to the same function, value, and appearance, (after the car is fixed), then you may have a claim for an additional amount of damages. You must, however, wait until your car is fixed before you can determine whether or not it is in the same function, value, and appearance.

If the insurance company undertakes to repair your car, then you should never sign a release until you are fully satisfied that your car is restored to its same function, value, and appearance. The other option is for the insurance company to replace your vehicle. (Let me remind you that it is the insurance company’s option whether or not they repair or replace your car). If the insurance company decides to replace your vehicle then they must pay you the market value of your car. This does not mean the sentimental value of the car simply because you’ve had it a long time and you are attached to it. The market value of the car can be determined a number of different ways. One way is by shopping in the area on used car lots and getting a written quote of the value of the same type of vehicle on a local car lot. Often times I encourage people to get several quotes before approaching their insurance adjuster. Another way, of course, is to go by the booklets provided to the automobile dealers associations for determining values. Usually you will have to contact a used car dealer to determine this. Once you have agreed upon a value of the vehicle with your adjuster, then he or she will decide whether they will keep the wreckage or allow you to keep the wreckage. If they keep the wreckage, then you will have to sign your title over to the insurance company.

One of the most troublesome problems areas is when an automobile is fairly new and is financed. In that instance, often times you will have to have paid a tremendous amount of finance charges on the front end to finance your car and the vehicle will be worth less than what the outstanding balance is. In that case, your car may only be worth for instance $9,000.00, when the pay off is $10,500.00. There is nothing you can do about this situation other than to pay the remaining balance yourself over and above the market value. Although this seems unfair, the insurance company is not required to pay off your car once you have a wreck.

You are not entitled to reimbursement or money damages for the inconvenience of taking your car to different shops, taking your car to the insurance company, visiting the doctor or the inconvenience of assisting someone else in the same process. You may, however, be entitled to a rental car at a fair market rate if someone else is at fault and they have insurance to cover the accident. If you are claiming the accident on your collision coverage, then you should check your policy or check with your insurance agent to see whether your policy allows for a rental car.

This outline is intended to give you guidelines to go by once you have had a wreck and you need to negotiate this matter with your insurance company. If you have any further questions or if serious injuries were involved you need to contact our office for further advice.

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